Ski season is starting. Are you ready for skiing? How your body is ready for this, as some call it light recreational activity, but skiing is much more than that. Find out in this article the most important issues related to the preparation for skiing and evaluate your ability to avoid injuries which are increasingly common due to inadequate preparation.
I have personally witnessed how unprepared the body for strenuous ski days, there are serious consequences for violations, and another failed winter ski vacation SHOULDER DISLOCATION AND RECOVERY-my story. Muscle fatigue, lack of stamina, concentration and other disadvantages are the main cause of crashes with serious consequences. Experiences and experts say the biggest enemy is muscle fatigue for skiing, and it is responsible for many ski injuries. The data shows that during the seven-day ski break, on Wednesday and Thursday, going on the greatest number of falls and accidents, especially in the afternoon! When you falls the most common injury is knee injury, as a result of crossing skis (anterior cruciate ligament injuries with almost 10-15% frequency), next one is dislocations of shoulder, injuries collarbone, hip injuries and others. Such injuries can permanently prevent you ski or may result in chronic pain and problems throughout life.
There are basic principles and principles of training on how to prepare your body for the efforts that follow the ski vacation. Basic components of the preparation are: Cardiovascular Training, Functional Strength Training, Flexibility Training, Balance and Proprioception Exercise, Specific Ski and Plyometric Training.
Preparation and training should start from 6 to 10 weeks before the holiday. Cardio training consists a minimum of 30 minutes of cardio exercise with a change of pace from 2 to 3 times a week: bike, running, rowing … If you can not endure the intensity for 30 minutes, insert a pause of 1 to 2 minutes between activities than 3 minutes. Functional strength training is strengthen the entire kinetic chain represents a functional simulation of movements in skiing. Individually perform exercises and movements (jumps, steps forward, kettlebell, ropes, a combination of push-ups, pull-ups and burpees) and later assembly into one unit will prepare your body for similar tasks that await you on the track. Flexibility training is compulsory and represents a very important static and dynamic stretching torso and legs in preparation for skiing. Your body will be more flexible and less susceptible to injury collisions and falls. Stretching after worm up and after functional training and strength training! Training of Proprioception and Balance. Dynamic equilibrium must control the balance in body movement while skiing. The basic ski movements and techniques involve transferring weight from one foot to the other, and a balance through exercise proprioception that provides better control of movement in the knee (T plates, plate with a semi-sphere, cylinders of different sizes, SLACKLINE – wide band stretched between two supports, INTO BOARD – slab roller, BOSU ball) is fixed for safe skiing. Specific ski and Plyometric Training simulates real ski movements, develops explosive power of legs and CORE muscle (strengthening the abdominal wall, rotator troops and lumbar). Through the basics of exercise squats and jumps with the load to the cables for more faithful simulation of a particular ski position.
Active stabilizers of the knee are the most important when it comes to strengthening the muscle and prevention of skiing injuries. Include:
extensors of knee – the quadriceps
hamstrings, flexors of knee – hamstrings bits: muscle biceps femoris, semitendinosus, semimembranosus
adductor and abductors of leg – large, long and short adductor, muscle gracialis
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