SUPPLEMENTS – what to take, what to skip
A frequently asked question is what customers should take for weight loss, muscle mass, recovery… in order to progress in training process. Most in fact seeking a shortcut to success through “adequate” supplementation. We will try to explain this phenomenon through the upcoming text.
We shall pay more attention to recreation and people who do not have much experience with training, nutrition and supplementation, and they who would have to devote a little more intense physical activity. We assume that those who are a little longer in fitness industry, know the effects of this supplement on the human body and how they should be consumed.
Pharma industry, which includes the production of supplements for a training, course aimed to sell more products. So than when you walk into a store that sells supplements, you do not know what to look before you buy something, and a majority of them is effectively moot. There are very few things that actually do have effects. A lot of nutrients such as L-Carnitine ( “increases energy and accelerates the burning fat”) body produced in sufficient quantities – how much can you use it, the body is saturated with carnitine and automatically eliminate excess, so you extra entry will not help in achieving results. The same things is with Fat Burners, which are the most commonly asked question. Most of them contain a large dose of caffeine or ephedrine that can cause unwanted effects and special effects on the heart. A large number of products have a negative effect on the liver, especially for beginners in which body has not created a strong defensive position on the introduction of new nutrients in large quantities.
Supplementation for recovering the body, especially the muscles after intense training certainly makes sense, as prevention of catabolism, degradation of muscle fibers, regeneration and recovery of the same. This includes Proteins that we have in different flavors and shapes. Glutamine (amino acid that is used for binding proteins in the muscles and prevent catabolism), BCAA (essential amino acids), Omega 3 fatty acids (reducing bad cholesterol levels) … fall into a desirable form of additional and adequate supplementation for more effective training. For beginners and amateurs the best option is to use a high-quality diet or a diet your body recover from training, prepare the body for the next or decrease the weight and bring his line to perfection. There is a various natural sources of vitamins, minerals, protein, caffeine…
Think with your head, find out the right places with the right experts, develop a plan and program of activities and diet, and be persistent in achieving goals. Remember everything takes time and patience, and that every shortcut has negative consequences.
FOOD VS. SUPPLEMENTS
Under pressure from industry and pharmaco onslaught of the latest and supposedly best products, we are often in a dilemma whether we need to strengthen some of its food supplements that are offered to us. Clients often ask a questions, should they need to take supplement and which one. In this article we will deal with supplementation for recreational athletes and fitness enthusiasts, and their replacement through diet.
The most frequently mentioned supplements are: protein, creatine, L-carnitine, caffeine, glutamine, leucine, calcium, coenzyme Q10, iron, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil), vitamins (A, B1, B2, B5, B12, C, D, E, K), zinc …
We will describe their role individually and through the replacement foods:
Protein or whey is obtained by conversion of the milk into cheese. Whey proteins have the highest bioavailability (most effectively come to the parts of the body where they are needed). The amino acid composition of whey proteins is the most valuable in the sense that contain the highest branched chain amino acid (BCAA), as well as all of the essential amino acids. Whey is the richest source of BCAA (vitamins) that are metabolized in the muscle, and the most important in periods of training, but also in the recovery period. 3 x 55 g scoops = 9 chicken legs.
Creatine is a substance naturally produced by our body. The body produces about 2 g of creatine per day. The role is to promote the restoration of ATP (the main energy for working muscles), which means that his taking a prolonged time work. Creatine has in the red meat and fish.
L-carnitine is the best known role in the transfer of fatty acids across the cell membrane to the mitochondria where the fatty acid burning and used as an energy source. L-Carnitine helps to turn fat into energy. L-carnitine in the body is present in sufficient quantities, and entered into the body through food of animal origin.
Caffeine we have more processed in a given link CAFFEINE . 5 x 200 g in tablets = 13 espressos.
Glutamine is a nonessential amino acid, meaning that it is an organism capable of its own. Plays an important role in the metabolism, in the production of ammonia in the kidneys, the reproduction of glucose by the liver. 6 x 500 g in tablets = 88 raw leaves of spinach
Calcium by far is the most important role is in building bones (firmness) and teeth, especially in the course of growing up. Bone strength is very important in strength training and high muscle mass. 3 x 500 g tablets = 2.2 liters of milk
Omega-3 fatty acids must be supplied in the diet, because they are not producing organism. They are a major component of cell membranes, are essential for cell regeneration and reproduction, and hormones, which trigger all functions in the body, can not be produced without them. The richest sources of omega-3 fatty acids include fish, especially in cold seas and flaxseed oil.
Magnesium heart problems, headaches, high blood pressure, allergies, muscle tension, diabetes – all of these diseases are associated with a lack of magnesium. 1 x 250 mg in tablets = 32 raw of leaves spinach.
Iron is also an important part of the hemoglobin molecules which is located in red blood cells. In fact, if there is no iron, the bone marrow can not produce this, for the life of a very important substance, which carry oxygen to the farthest parts of the body. 1 x 15 g in the tablets = 3 blocks of Tofu (soy cheese).
Zinc is essential for maintaining a strong immune system, the body and stimulates the creation of white blood cells in the bone marrow. Eggs, Seafood, Crabs.
CoQ10 participates in the creation of energy in every cell of our body. It acts as a catalyst in the process of converting food into energy, which occurs in the mitochondria of cells. Lack of coenzyme Q10 can contribute poor diet, stress, infections, chronic disease, and certain medicines. 3 x 30 mg capsules = 100 grain berries.
Vitamins: A carrot, B1 lettuce, B2 Mushrooms, B5 Avocado, B12 Salmon, C (cabbage, pomegranate, pepper, lemon), D Shells, E Kivi, K Cabbage.
Ensure that the classical food satisfy all the daily required amounts of the respective supplements. If you need to complement the nutrition supplementation, which is sold in stores in the form of pills, ampoules, powder, consult your trainer or some expert. Be careful and remember this text, so as not to leave half salary in the store!
HRANA KOJA ZAMENJUJE SUPLEMENTE
Pod pritiskom farmako industrije i naletom najnovijih i navodno najboljih preparata, često smo u dilemi da li trebamo da svoju ishranu pojačamo nekim suplementima koji nam se nude. Klijenti često postavljaju pitanja da li treba da uzimaju i koji suplement. U ovom članku bavićemo se suplementacijom, za rekreativne sportiste i zaljubljenike u fitnes, i njihovom zamenom kroz ishranu.
Najčešće pominjani suplementi su: protein, kreatin, L-karnitin, kofein, glutamin, leucin, kalcijum, koenzim Q10, gvožđe, magnezijum, omega-3 masne kiseline (riblje ulje), vitamini (A, B1, B2, B5, B12, C, D, E, K), cink…
Opisaćemo njihovu ulogu pojedinačno i zamenu kroz namirnice:
Protein-Whey ili surutka se dobija pretvaranjem mleka u sir. Proteini surutke imaju najveću biološku raspoloživost (najefikasnije dolaze do delova organizma gde su potrebni). Aminokiselinski sastav proteina surutke je najvredniji u smislu da sadrže najviše amino kiselina razgranatog lanca (bcaa), kao i sve esencijalne amino kiseline. Surutka je najbogatiji izvor BCAA (vitamini) koje se metabolišu u mišićima, te su najvažnije i u periodima treninga, ali i u periodu oporavka. 3 x 55g merice = 9 pilećih bataka.
Kreatin je supstanca koju prirodno proizvodi naše telo. Telo stvara oko 2 g kreatina dnevno. Uloga je da pospešuje obnovu ATP ( energija glavna za rad mišića ), što znači da bi se njegovim uzimanjem produžavalo vreme rada. Kreatina ima u crvenom mesu i ribi.
L- karnitin-najpoznatija uloga je u prenosu masnih kiselina kroz staničnu membranu do mitohondrija gde se masne kiseline sagorevaju i koriste kao izvor energije. L-karnitin pomaže mastima da se pretvore u energiju. L-karnitin je u organizmu prisutan u dovoljnim količinama, a unosi se u organizam kroz hranu životinjskog porekla.
Kofein smo opširnije obradili u datom linku KOFEIN. 5 x 200g u tabletama = 13 espreso kafa.
Glutamin je neesencijalna aminokiselina, što znači da ju je organizam sposoban sam proizvesti. Igra važnu ulogu u metabolizmu, u proizvodnji amonijaka u bubrezima, reprodukciji glukoze u jetri. 6 x 500g u tabletama = 88 svežnja listova spanaća
Kalcijum-ubedljivo najbitnija uloga je u izgradnji kostiju (čvrstina) i zuba, naročito u toku odrastanja. Čvrstina kostiju je jako bitna kod treninga snage i velike mišićne mase. 3 x 500g u tabletama = 2.2 litra mleka
Omega-3 masne kiseline se moraju unositi u organizam hranom, jer ih organizam sam ne proizvodi. One su glavni sastojak ćelijske membrane, neophodne su za ćelijsku regeneraciju i reprodukciju, a hormoni, koji pokreću sve funkcije u organizmu, ne mogu da se proizvedu bez njih. Najbogatiji izvori omega 3 masnih kiselina su: riba, naročito iz hladnih mora i ulje lanenog semena.
Magnezijum-srčani problemi, glavobolje, visok pritisak, alergije, napetost mišica, dijabetes – sve ove bolesti su povezane sa nedostatkom magnezijuma. 1 x 250mg u tabletama = 32 svežnja listova spanaća.
Gvožđe je važan deo hemoglobinskog molekula koji se nalazi u crvenim ćelijama krvi. U stvari, ako nema gvožđa, koštana srž ne može da stvara ovu, za život vrlo važnu supstancu, koja raznosi kiseonik u najudaljenije delove tela. 1 x 15g u tabeltama = parče TOFU-a ( sir od soje ).
Cink je veoma bitan za održavanje jakog imuniteta, i u organizmu podstiče stvaranje belih krvnih zrnaca u koštanoj srži. Jaja, Morski plodovi, Rakovi.
Koenzim Q10 CoQ10 učestvuje u stvaranju energije u svakoj stanici našeg organizma. Deluje kao katalizator u procesu pretvaranja hrane u energiju, koji se događa u mitohondrijama stanica. Nedostatku Koenzima q10 može doprineti loša ishrana, stres, infekcije, hronične bolesti i neki lekovi. 3 x 30mg u kapsulama = 100 zrna ribizle.
Vitamini: A-Šargarepa, B1-Zelena Salata, B2-Pečurke, B5-Avokado, B12-Losos, C-(kupus, šipak, paprika, limun), D-Školjke, E-Kivi, K-Kupus.
Potrudite se da kroz klasičnu ishranu zadovoljite sve dnevne potrebne količine navedenih suplemenata. Ukoliko imate potrebu da ishranu dopunjujete suplementacijom, koja se prodaje u radnjama u vidu tableta, ampula, prahova, konsultujte se sa vašim trenerom ili nekim stručnjakom. Pri tome pazite i setite se ovog teksta kako ne bi ostavili pola plate u radnji!
And if I’m not an advocate of large muscle mass and excessive muscle today we moved the best way through the food that needs to be applied to increase muscle mass. Increased muscle mass in both recreational, athletes or beginners have a very positive thing. First of all the body and muscle burns calories faster, which speeds up the metabolism of the whole body (the faster you will melt body fat and weight), the other aesthetic looks very nice, and the third might be the most important helps your body in proper posture and gives it vitality and strength. It is not easy to build big muscles so who say i will overbuild my muscle it is wrong. Some facts and suggestions in the text might sound beyond the usual advice, but will be explained why you should applied. This will be useful to anyone who needs to put on quality weight.
So lets start…
The first part means that you need to eat a lot, but the right kind of food, distributed over more meals a day, total you should enter two grams of protein per kilogram of body weight. You will need a lot of carbohydrates to encourage the desire to exercise and ability to recover after a hard workout at the gym. Then you should plan your diet so devise that it contains the very best food for building muscle mass. Now I will introduce to you foods that your nutritional program should include as much as possible.
BEEF. Many mistaken discarded fat from food, thinking that it will increase the level of fat in the body. But with Omega-3 fatty acids in fish, saturated fat in beef actually stimulate growth. Too little saturated fat in the diet does not promote the growth of testosterone and insuluna. Beef is also a source of cholesterol, the main ingredient that helps the body to produce its own testosterone. Beef is also classified as good sources of creatine, B vitamins and zinc. The best options are low fat beef parts
EGGS. There are different ways in which nutritionists treat food on its ability to stimulate growth. Eggs are at the top of almost every list since it is extremely easy absorb- body can very quickly to explain this food into amino acids. Eggs are also rich in healthy fats, saturated fats and lecithin, they help the body to develop muscle mass.Try to avoid the yolk but do not totally excluded from the diet.
SALMON. 100 grams of salmon contains 20 grams of protein, which is equally important, 2.5 g of omega-3 fatty acids, those healthy fats that reduce inflammation of the muscle to stimulate its reconstruction and help in controlling cortisol (as cortisol decreases, the level of testosterone per rule growing, stimulate muscle growth). A diet rich in omega-3 fatty acids also helps that most of the glucose you eat is transported to the muscles rather than deposited as fat.
APPLE JUICE. Extreme exercise in the gym break down muscle. However, the beneficial effects are manifested only later, when the body regenerates and becomes larger than before. Apple juice drunk before training the body supplied with carbohydrates and quickly gives him the necessary energy (for glucose), which is also of long duration (due to fructose). This hampers the creation of cortisol thus decreasing the harmful effects on the muscle fibers.
BUTTERMILK. If you are trying to put on weight, do not drink skim milk or one with low fat. These types are for those on a diet. Around half a liter of whole milk contains 16 grams of protein and 16 g fat. The fat in milk is usually composed of short chains than is the case with fats that are found in other foods. Such fats are slightly anabolic, helping to prevent muscle breakdown, and they are rarely deposited as fat in the body. The fat in milk also help the body absorb vitamin D, which has recently been discovered that reduces the risk of cancers.
WHITE BREAD. You probably know that you should avoid refined carbohydrates because they have less fiber and healthy nutrients, and also raise insulin levels. But white bread is one of the perfect choice of food immediately after completion of the training. Then you need carbohydrates that are rapidly digested to reimbursement level of glycogen in the muscles and stimulated insulin levels in order to achieve muscle growth and to reduce the production of cortisol after training. Two pieces of bread retain 25g carbs are digested very quickly after training.
PASTA. Building muscle requires a lot of carbohydrates as fuel. What is more important is that carbohydrates radically alter protein metabolism by increasing the efficiency with which ingested protein gets into the muscle and stimulate growth. Without carbohydrates you consume protein that does not perform quite as efficiently its job when it comes to stimulating growth. One cup of cooked pasta in the form contains about 45 grams of carbohydrate.
GARLIC. Garlic can dramatically alter the hormones in your body. Growth is associated with the consumption of real macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein and fat) at the right time of day. But it is also associated with adequate hormonal environment that stimulates growth. Animal studies have shown that garlic in combination with large amounts of protein increases testosterone levels and prevents the degradation of muscle. At the micro level, it is the very definition of the ideal anabolic situation.
YOGURT. Natural yogurt, obtained either from whole milk was than with low fat, falls into a healthy diet. It is best to opt for yogurt that contains active cultures of “good bacteria”. But on the label, do not search on the word bacteria. Instead, look for Lactobacillius acidophilus, L. casei, L. reuteri and Bifidobacterium bifidum. These probiotic bacteria pass through the stomach to red tract where help the body maintain a healthy balance of bacteria that live there. These good bacteria strengthen the immune system which helps in the process of recovery and reduces the formation of agents responsible for inflammation, while increasing the absorption of nutrients. Another very useful ingredient in yogurt is calcium, which controls muscle contraction and can significantly reduce the deposition of fat.
OLIVE OIL. This oil control inflammation in the body, generally associated with better recovery. Olive oil also supports testosterone and, like any other source of fat, calories are what help the body to remain in an anabolic state. Olive oil is also rich and healthy fats.
This text was written on the basis of many years of research and experience, the parts that are scientifically proven and parts taken from many years of experience and top sportsmen and fans of muscles and muscle mass. I think the allegation is substantiated by sufficient evidence and knowledge so that you can start using. And most importantly, everything is natural and without anabolic steroids.
MASTI – dobre i loše
Masti su prvenstveno energetske materije koje se unose putem ishrane korišcenjem namirnica biljnog i životinjskog porekla. One su nosioci vitamina A,D,E i K, takođe imaju gradivnu ulogu, jer čine 2% svake ćelije. Masti uz šećere čine najjeftiniji izvor energije, jer 1 gr masti sagoreva 9 kcal ( dvostruko više od belančevina i ugljenih hidrata ).
Masne kiseline se mogu klasifikovati na zasićene i nezasićene.
Prvi tip su zasićene masti, koje se većinom nalaze u mesu, jajima, mlečnim proizvodima, uključujući puter, sir…Mnogo bolji i zdraviji tip za ishranu su nezasićene masti. To su zdrave masti i podeljene su u dve grupe: mononezasićene i polinezasićene.
Mononezasićene masti se nalaze u maslinovom ulju, orasima, ulju uljane repice…
Polinezasićene masti se nalaze u nekim biljnim uljima i ribljem ulju. To su:
a) Omega 6 linolna kiselina. Uloga im se ogleda u pravilnom rastu organizma. Ima ih u suncokretovom, kukuruznom i susamovom ulju.
b) Omega 3 linolna kiselina. Uloga im se ogleda u strukturi i funkciji ćeliske membrane. Ima ih u ulju iz lanenog semena, iz semena bundeve, kao i ribljem ulju: lososa, tune, sardele, haringe, skuše. Ne može se stvarati u organizmu, već se mora uneti hranom. Derivat omega 3 igra važnu ulogu u razvoju mozga i funkciji vida.
Omega 3 masti su posebno važne jer podižu nivo dobrog HDL holesterola i smanjuju nivo loseg LDL, a takođe su vazne i za razvoj mozga. Deluju povoljno na zdravlje srca i krvnih sudova, pa unos ribe dva do četiri puta nedeljno i redovna upotreba maslinovog ulja doprinose smanjenju rizika od kardiovaskularnih bolesti.
Preporučuje se da odnos zasićenih i nezasićenih masti u ishrani bude 10: 30%
Masnoće koje sadrže fosfor zovu se fosfolipidi. Oni se dodaju u hranu kao aditiv, najčesće u margarin, čokoladu, zamrznute slatkiše. Od sterola je najvažniji holesterol koji se preko 90% nalazi u membrani ćelije i potreban je za sintezu vitamina D u koži, zatim za sintezu nekih hormona (testosterona i estrogena). Lekovi kao što su steroidi anabolici, pripadaju grupi sterola (koriste se u sportu za povećanje mišićne mase i snage, ali su jako opasni jer oštećuju jetru).
Opšti unos masnoća treba da pokrije manje od 30 % dnevnih energetskih potreba. Poreklo treba da bude prvenstveno iz žitarica, povrća i voća, koja su bogata vlaknima i mikronutritijentima. Osoba sa poremećajem masnoća čiji je holesterol u krvi povećan mora da primeni smanjivanje dnevnog unosa nezasićenih masnoća na svega 20% i zasićenih masnoća na 7%.