Under pressure from industry and pharmaco onslaught of the latest and supposedly best products, we are often in a dilemma whether we need to strengthen some of its food supplements that are offered to us. Clients often ask a questions, should they need to take supplement and which one. In this article we will deal with supplementation for recreational athletes and fitness enthusiasts, and their replacement through diet.
The most frequently mentioned supplements are: protein, creatine, L-carnitine, caffeine, glutamine, leucine, calcium, coenzyme Q10, iron, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil), vitamins (A, B1, B2, B5, B12, C, D, E, K), zinc …
We will describe their role individually and through the replacement foods:
Protein or whey is obtained by conversion of the milk into cheese. Whey proteins have the highest bioavailability (most effectively come to the parts of the body where they are needed). The amino acid composition of whey proteins is the most valuable in the sense that contain the highest branched chain amino acid (BCAA), as well as all of the essential amino acids. Whey is the richest source of BCAA (vitamins) that are metabolized in the muscle, and the most important in periods of training, but also in the recovery period. 3 x 55 g scoops = 9 chicken legs.
Creatine is a substance naturally produced by our body. The body produces about 2 g of creatine per day. The role is to promote the restoration of ATP (the main energy for working muscles), which means that his taking a prolonged time work. Creatine has in the red meat and fish.
L-carnitine is the best known role in the transfer of fatty acids across the cell membrane to the mitochondria where the fatty acid burning and used as an energy source. L-Carnitine helps to turn fat into energy. L-carnitine in the body is present in sufficient quantities, and entered into the body through food of animal origin.
Caffeine we have more processed in a given link CAFFEINE . 5 x 200 g in tablets = 13 espressos.
Glutamine is a nonessential amino acid, meaning that it is an organism capable of its own. Plays an important role in the metabolism, in the production of ammonia in the kidneys, the reproduction of glucose by the liver. 6 x 500 g in tablets = 88 raw leaves of spinach
Calcium by far is the most important role is in building bones (firmness) and teeth, especially in the course of growing up. Bone strength is very important in strength training and high muscle mass. 3 x 500 g tablets = 2.2 liters of milk
Omega-3 fatty acids must be supplied in the diet, because they are not producing organism. They are a major component of cell membranes, are essential for cell regeneration and reproduction, and hormones, which trigger all functions in the body, can not be produced without them. The richest sources of omega-3 fatty acids include fish, especially in cold seas and flaxseed oil.
Magnesium heart problems, headaches, high blood pressure, allergies, muscle tension, diabetes – all of these diseases are associated with a lack of magnesium. 1 x 250 mg in tablets = 32 raw of leaves spinach.
Iron is also an important part of the hemoglobin molecules which is located in red blood cells. In fact, if there is no iron, the bone marrow can not produce this, for the life of a very important substance, which carry oxygen to the farthest parts of the body. 1 x 15 g in the tablets = 3 blocks of Tofu (soy cheese).
Zinc is essential for maintaining a strong immune system, the body and stimulates the creation of white blood cells in the bone marrow. Eggs, Seafood, Crabs.
CoQ10 participates in the creation of energy in every cell of our body. It acts as a catalyst in the process of converting food into energy, which occurs in the mitochondria of cells. Lack of coenzyme Q10 can contribute poor diet, stress, infections, chronic disease, and certain medicines. 3 x 30 mg capsules = 100 grain berries.
Vitamins: A carrot, B1 lettuce, B2 Mushrooms, B5 Avocado, B12 Salmon, C (cabbage, pomegranate, pepper, lemon), D Shells, E Kivi, K Cabbage.
Ensure that the classical food satisfy all the daily required amounts of the respective supplements. If you need to complement the nutrition supplementation, which is sold in stores in the form of pills, ampoules, powder, consult your trainer or some expert. Be careful and remember this text, so as not to leave half salary in the store!
The action mechanism of caffeine, whether positive or negative influence on the organism, what is effect on physical activity, and a couple of interesting questions, we will discuss in the following text . Caffeine is a natural alkaloid, which is derived from coffee beans, tea leaves and from the cocoa grain. It is adds in artificial beverages like Coca Cola. He is a natural psyhostimulant and they have affects at the central nervous system.
The positive side of caffeine
% of nutrients in a cup of coffee: Vitamin B12 11%, 6% Vitamin B5, Vitamin B1 2%, Vitamin B3 2%, 3% Magnesium, Phosphorus 1%. Coffee contains small amounts of vitamins but is a powerful antioxidant.
It is not clear why caffeine has ergogenic effects obvious, and if there is a hypothesis that it stimulates the sympathetic nervous system and increases the consumption of fatty acids, thereby sparing limited glycogen stores in the muscles and liver. As a central nervous system stimulant, caffeine can reduce the feeling of fatigue, enabling the extended duration of action and improving athletic performance. Finally, caffeine plays a significant role in the release of calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum in muscle cells. This in turn can lead to stimulation of a stronger muscle contraction, especially during anaerobic sports and sports power. However, recent studies suggest that if you increase the intake of free fatty acids and caffeine intake at the same time, there will be an increase in their oxidation or saving glycogen. Competitive advantage seems to be primarily related to the role of caffeine to stimulate the central nervous system. During endurance sports, caffeine is proven to reduce the feeling of fatigue, increases concentration and attention, while during strength training, or short bursts of activity, caffeine acts as a facilitator contraction of skeletal muscle.
The negative side of caffeine
Users may become dependent on caffeine, with to much consumption. While is low and moderate, it doses generally safe. Those who abruptly stop consuming caffeine, and before they were addicts, start to have a problems with headaches and mental fatigue. This condition lasts for several days while the body is start to use to it.
Intake a lot of caffeine, causes increased nervousness and sleep disorders. This has the consequence that, due to the introduction of caffeine to reduce daily fatigue leads to insomnia. Caffeine affects negatively interact with some drugs. It increases blood sugar levels, making a real problem for people who have Type 2 diabetes and insulin control. People who have high blood pressure and diabetes should avoid caffeine. Studies say that women who drank more than 3 cups of coffee (300 mg caffeine) a day, leading to loss of bone mass in the spine, during postmenopause. A lack of calcium in the bones. Caffeine can also lead to stomach problems due to heartburn and stomach acid.
Severe pain in the muscles, a sudden and painful muscle contractions or cramps, you certainly had the opportunity to feel, a very unpleasant phenomenon that does not last long but may have an effect. The causes of this phenomenon, the symptoms, how it manifests it self and prevention clarify we will explain the following text.
Causes of muscle cramps is:
- lack of water or dehydration
- lack of electrolytes
- muscle fatigue in the long march, intensive training or downtime
- weak circulation and bloodstream
- lack of potassium, magnesium, calcium …
- certain drugs
- excess alcohol and caffeine
- deficiency disease
As for the athletes, cramps is begin in endurance training, where efforts are being made to that body is not normally used to. Hypertonic muscle cramps is a state of chronic, excessive muscle tone, tension in the muscles – contraction when a muscle is inactive.
- Try to massage or rub Areas of spasm. This can help to relax muscles and increase blood flow
- Use the muscle gently, walking or gentle stretching, no sudden movements
- You can put a cold compress
- Take the fluids, because the water contains vital minerals electrolytes that can help muscle contraction
- Controlling diet and intake nutrients: Magnesium relaxes your muscles, Sodium helps retain liquid and postpone dehydration, Calcium plays a role in muscle contraction, Potassium deficiency causes cramps, vitamin E improves blood circulation, Carbohydrate deficiency can exhaust the glycogen stores, which may cause muscle cramps.
Any over-exercise physical activities with inadequate food and inadequate recovery of the organism, manifested as a phenomenon that will slow your progress and achieving your goal. CRAMPS is one of the consequences and causes.