PRAZNE KALORIJE

Zasto gojazni ljudi nikad nisu dovoljno siti? Zbog cega osete glad samo sat vremena nakon obilnog obroka? I sta je potrebno promeniti da bi nekontrolisana glad prestala?

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Za pocetak treba razlikovati nutritivne i energetske ( kaloriske ) vrednosti hrane. Neke namirnice mogu biti visokokaloriske , davati u trenutku visok nivo energije ( slatkisi ) , ali telo ne moze iz njih da izvuce nikakve gradivne elemente, te prakticno ostane gladan. Da paradoks bude veci, sto vise ( dzank hrane ) unosite, to je organizam zeljniji hranljivih sastojaka. Ono sto bi covek trebalo da jede su jaja, meso i riba jer su mu potrebni proteini ( umesto salama, pasteta i virsli ), povrce i voce jer su mu neophodni vitamini, minerali i antioksidansi. Tu su i ugljeni hidrati i masti ,ali ne bilo koji.

Gde se nalaze. U poslednje vreme cesto se koristi termin “prazne kalorije” za namernice bogate ugljenim hidratima, a siromasne belancevinama, vitaminima, mineralima, amino kiselinama ili vlaknima. Tu se misli: na slatkise i druge namirnice koje sadrze secer ( cokolade, bombone, industrijski keks … ), rafinirane zitarice poput belog hleba belog pirinca ( bogate su skrobom ) , zasicene masnoce, brza hrana ( hot dog, hamburgeri, przeni krompirici… ) ,alkoholna pica. Posebno bogata kalorijama je przena hrana ( pomfrit, przena piletina ili cips ) , a vrlo siromasna nutritijentima. Velika porcija na primer przenih krompira zadrzi 570 kalorija,  sto predstavlja trecinu dnevnih kaloriskih potreba za zene, a cetvrtinu dnevnih potreba za muskarce.

Kako im se odupreti. Pokusajte da sto manje przite, a sto vise kuvate hranu. Peceni krompir moze zameniti pomfrit, kao i pecena piletina. Izbegavajte gazirane napitke. Osim velike kolicine secera, kinin u mnogim napitcima moze da smanji broj trombocita u krvi i da negativno utice na jetru, cak i da dodvede do ciroze.Klasicni beli hleb zamenite crnim sa celim zrnima. Hleb sa celim zrnima sadrze vlakna koja olaksavaju varenje i antioksidanse. Klasicne grickalice za uzinu zamenite vocnim uzinama ili nekim integralnim keksom koji sadrzi u sebi zitarice. Slatkise treba zameniti vocem , suvim vocem, orasastim plodovima.

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About Marko Mikic

Marko is Master degree Professor of Physical Education and Graduated Organizer of Sports Recreation. Licensed TecnoGym Personal Trainer with international experience, with over 15 years. Instructor, Lifeguard and Coordinator in Life Saving Federation. Former Ski competitor and actual Ski instructor. Conditioning coach for professional athletes. Actual Fitness and Health Writer, Health Advisor, Online Coach and Fitness Specialist. Health and Fitness Consultant and Publisher. Certified Trainer for Kinesitherapy, Sports Diagnostics, Back Pain Prevention, Discovering Physical Faults, Muscle Imbalances, Early Diagnosis of Injuries, Assessment of Physical Skills and Tests, Functional Training and Cross Fit. Personal Trainer and Social Media Marketing Manager at Sky Wellness TechnoGym Center in Belgrade.

Posted on February 2, 2015, in HEALTH, NUTRITION, SRPSKI and tagged , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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