Daily Archives: October 19, 2015

FUNCTIONAL TRAINING

Classical forms of training in the gym more and more becoming extinct, unless you are bodybuilder, preference is given various combinations of cardio, circular, functional training … Today we explore the concept of functional training and give some examples of exercises and way of performing.

crusader-lite-functional-training-rig-at-rig-fitness

The roots of functional training come from the application of rehabilitation. Therapists use this form of rehabilitation to restore the regularity of certain movements in patients, the name functional is because they were used to install the proper and independent movement that before was irregular in the midst of an injury or surgery. They were movements that were used in everyday life, movements that have a function in everyday activities. So in sport we doing some part of exercise and movements which are typical for a particular action that is constantly practiced in a particular sport or physical activity.

The benefits of functional training is better joint mobility and stability of the whole body. Improving these factors reduce the possibility of misconduct. Although the machines at the gym seem safer, they actually limit the degree of movement and thus do not involve stabilize muscle of movement, but only a certain muscle that is rightly triggered. As a result, it takes a lot of time to strengthen all the muscles, which is not the case with functional exercises where they require a lot of different and large muscle groups.

Basics of functional training. Choose a couple of exercises from 2 to 8, it represents a one circle in training. Training should have from 2 to 4 laps. The exercises are performed with the shortest breaks, and between parts of the training is pause of 2 to 6 minutes. Pause can be active, skipping rope, running or something else. The number of repetitions of exercises can be fixed and may be limited in time, Ex. 4 exercise, each running 30 seconds submaximal intensity followed by a break of 4 minutes and moving into a new round. In essence, combine themselves but by following these guidelines.

Examples of exercises

PLYOMETRIC PULLUP PUSHUP

CLEAN AND PRESS

JUMPING SQUAT ON STEPPER

DECK SQUAT

Very important thing is to determine the intensity of training to withstand the whole session and not interrupted in half because you increase the intensity from the beginning. Also, pulse and control over the belt and hours or simply checking on artery on the neck, should be frequent during breaks. Functional training requires high endurance and strength, it also features the upgraded and improved.

Equipment used in functional training may be different, but I can run and exercise without apparatus. About them we have been already discussed in this Text: TOP 5 PROPS FOR FUNCTIONAL TRAINING

FUNKCIONALNI TRENING

Klasični oblici treninga u teretanama sve više i više izumiru, sem ako ste bodybilder. Prednost se daje raznim kombinacijama kardio, kružnih, funkcionalnih treninga… Danas ćemo obraditi temu Funkcionalni Trening i dati neke primere vežbi i načine izvođenja.

crossfit-functional

Koreni funkcionalnog treninga potiču od primene rehabilitacije. Terapeuti koriste ovaj oblik rehabilitacije kako bi povratili pravilnost određenih pokreta kod pacijenata, oduta i naziv funkcionalni zato što su se koristili da bi se ugradio pravilan i nezavistan pokret koji je predhotno bio nepravilan, usred neke povrede ili operacije. Radili su se pokreti koji su se koristili u svakodnevnom zivotu tj. koji imaju neku funkciju u svakodnevnim aktivnostima. Izvode se pokreti i predvežbe koji su karakteristični za određenu radnju koja se stalno upražnjava u određenom sportu ili fizičkoj aktivnosti.

Benefit funkcionalnog treninga je bolja pokretljivost zglobova i stabilnost celog tela. Poboljšanje ovih faktora smanjuje mogućnost povrede. Iako mašine u teretani izgledaju sigurnije, one zapravo ograničavaju stepen kretanja i time ne uključuju mišice stabilaizatore pokreta, već samo određeni mišić koji se spravom aktivira. Usled toga potrebno je puno vremena da bi svi mišići ojačali, što nije slučaj sa funkcionalnim vežbama gde se angažuje veliki broj mišićnih grupa.

Osnove funkcionalnog treninga. Izaberite par vežbi od 2 do 8 što predstavlja jedan krug. U treningu treba da imate od 2 do 4 kruga. Vežbe se izvode sa što kraćim pauzama, a između delova treninga tj. dva kruga, pauza je od 2 do 6 minuta. Pauza može biti i aktivna, preskakanje vijače, trčanje ili nešto drugo. Broj ponavljanja vežbi može biti fiksiran a može biti i ograničen vremenom. Npr 4 vežbe svaka se izvodi 30 sekundi submaksimalnim intenzitetom nakon kojih sledi pauza od 4 minuta i kreće se u novi krug. U suštini kombinujte sami ali se držite ovih smernica.

Primeri vežbi.

PLYOMETRIC PULLUP PUSHUP

CLEAN AND PRESS

JUMPING SQUAT ON STEPPER

DECK SQUAT

Bitno je da odredite intenzitet treninga kako bi izdržali ceo trening, a ne prekinuli na pola, kao posledicu intenzivnog početka. Merenje pulsa i kontrola preko pojasa i sata ili jednostavnim proveravanjem na karatoidnoj arteriji na vratu, treba da bude učestalo tokom pauza. Funkcionalni trening zahteva visoku izdržljivost i snagu. Njime se i same karakteristike unapređuju i poboljšavaju.

Rekviziti koji se koriste kod funkcionalnih treninga mogu biti različiti, a mogu se izvoditi vežbe i bez rekvizita. O rekvizitima smo već pisali u ovom textu: 5 NAJBOLJIH REKVIZITA ZA FUNKCIONALNI TRENING

%d bloggers like this: