Monthly Archives: August 2015


Functional training is a type of training that affects the simultaneous development of a large color functional and motor abilities. It will affect the development of your motor abilities (speed, strength, flexibility, muscular endurance …), then will affect the reduction of subcutaneous and visceral fat and increase muscle mass. The most important part of functional training and equipment for functional training is that it trains your muscles to work together, to simulate the movements that you use in the sport and during some physical activity.

Equipment used in functional training are: sandbags, medicine balls, kettlebell, bosu balls, TRX, viper, ropes, gymnastic circles, truck tires and more. Here we present some of the most effective.


Available in different weights, wearing a handle on all parties who have needs for various combinations of exercises. With sandbags you can drawing, lifting, throwing, squats … hired a large number of muscle groups.

sandbag-training-bag-adjustable-[5]-71-p   sandbag-training-schulter-lift-web


Two lanes, with the jaws on one and connected at the other end, is a highly functional device that engages almost all the muscles. On the TRX in the various possible forms are push-ups, squats, pull-ups … TRX – the best functional workout

trx2   TRX slika 4


Iron ball with the gripper, different size and weight, provides specific functional training, with heavy emphasis on proper technique in order to achieve ideal movement that will engage most muscles (core, legs, shoulder). Perform the exercises as well as swinging single-arm snatch, windmill, single-arm front squat, single-arm shoulder press …

images    10-24-crossfit-kettlebell-snatch   images (1)


Tire of wooden logs slotted for tongs, with different weight. An interesting set of exercises lifting, throwing, drawing will simulate movements that engage a large number of muscles.

mens_fitness_14941   mens_fitness_14956


Long and heavy ropes will simulate the movements that are mainly used on board, and this will be perhaps the most interesting props but not the easiest. Cords require good endurance and is mainly used to improve the same. You can use one or both at the same time, the length of about 10 meters each. The exercises are performed mainly for up to 30 seconds, because of  high intensity.

ropes-workout   wilde-seile,44116_m_n

Weight and herself efficiency of functional training depending on: size and weight of equipment, then the speed of execution and duration of the exercise, the number of exercises, number of cells or circuits and breaks that are right in between. Since functional training requires activation of the whole musculature, training should be intense but brief to avoid excessive stress to the body, which can lead to overtraining.


Funkcionalni trening predstavlja tip treninga koji utiče na istovremeni razvoj što većeg boja funkcionalnih i motoričkih osobina. On će uticati na razvoj vaših motoričkih sposobnosti ( brzina, snaga, gipkost, mišićna izdržljivost… ) , zatim uticaće na smanjenje potkožnog i visceralnog masnog tkiva i na povećanje mišićne mase. Najbitniji deo funkcionalnog treninga i rekvizita za funkcionalni trening je da on trenira vaše mišiće da rade zajedno, simuliraju pokrete koje koristite kako u sportu tako i tokom neke fizičke aktivnosti.

Rekviziti koji se koriste kod funkcionalnih treninga su: vreća sa peskom, medicinska lopta, rusko zvono, bosu lopte, trx, viper, konopci, gimnastički krugovi, kamionske gume i ostalo. Ovde ćemo predstaviti neke najefikasnije.

Vreća sa peskom

Na raspolaganju je sa razčičitim težinama od 5 do 30 kilograma, na sebi ima ručice na svim stranama koje su potrebene za razne kombinacije vežbi. Sa njom se rade vučenja, dizanja, bacanja, čučnjevi… angažuju veliki broj mišićnih grupa.

sandbag-training-bag-adjustable-[5]-71-p       sandbag-training-schulter-lift-web


Dve trake, sa hvataljkama na jednom a spojene na drugom kraju, predstavlja visoko funkcionalnu spravu koja angažuje gotovo celu muskulaturu. Na trx-u su mogući razni oblici sklekova, čučnjeva, zgibova… TRX – the best functional workout

TRX slika 4         trx2

Rusko zvono, gilje

Gvozdena kugla sa hvataljkom, različitih veličina i težina, pruža specifičan funkcionalni trening sa velikim akcentom na pravilnu tehniku kako bi postigli idealan pokret koji će angažovati većinu mišica ( core, noge, ramena ). Izvode se vežbe njihanjem kao što su  single-arm snatch, windmill, single-arm front squat, single-arm shoulder press

images  10-24-crossfit-kettlebell-snatch     images (1)


Guma u obliku drvenog balvana sa prorezima tj hvataljkama, tezine od 5 do 30 kilograma. Interesantan sklop vežbi dizanja , bacanja, vučenja će simulirati pokrete koje angazuju veliki broj mišica.

mens_fitness_14941      mens_fitness_14956


Dugački i teški konopci će simulirati pokrete koji se uglavnom koriste na brodu, te će vam ovaj rekvizit biti možda najinteresantniji ali ne i najlakši. Konopci zahtevaju dobru izdržljivost i uglavnom se koriste i za poboljšanje iste. Mogu se koristiti jedan ili oba istovremeno, dužine su oko 10 metara svaki. Vežbe se izvode uglavnom u trajanju do 30 sekundi, zbog visokog intenziteta.

ropes-workout     wilde-seile,44116_m_n

Težina i sama efikasnost funkcionalnog treninga zavisnosti od: veličine tj težine rekvizita, zatim brzine izvođenja i trajanja vežbe, broj vežbi, broj stanica ili krugova i pauze koja se pravi izmedju. Obzirom da funkcionalni trening zahteva aktivaciju cele mišićne muskulature, trening treba da bude intenzivan ali kratak kako ne bi došlo do prevelikog stresa za organizam, koji kasnije za posledicu može dovesti do pretreniranosti.


What are the most accurate methods for measuring the percentage of fat, whether electronic scales accurate and reliable, we’ll learn through forth the following text.

Electronic scales for measurement are available in countless models. They use a technology called bioelectrical impedance, and assesses how much body fat you have, the percentage of muscle mass, water content, etc … When you step on the scale, the sensor plays an imperceptible electrical current flow through the whole body and back up again. Because it contains much more water, muscles conduct electricity better than fat, so if is greater resistance more fat you have. Scales used formula to calculate the percentage of body fat which include this information resistance, together with other data you have entered (height, weight, age, gender). Some scales contain and handle where the electrodes pass through the hands of such scales better assess total body fat. An increasing number of electronic scales associated with computers, or have their own display, which automatically transmitted data and printed on paper.


Are electronic scales accurate? One of the problems with scales that measure body fat is that they are often incorrect or inaccurate. Many variables affect the results, including how hydrated you are, when you last ate, even if your feet have calluses or dirty, as well as the type and quality of the product and whether it is regularly serviced. Studies have shown that the results which give electric scales are often different from the results that provide a standardized method of measuring fat. Devices that have manual electrodes tend to go a little better. In a study published in Obesity Facts In 2008. the balance to only a foot electrodes underestimate body fat in people with a lot of body fat and overestimating on a tinner people. Even manuals say that devices may be less accurate for older people, in highly trained athletes, children and persons with osteoporosis.

Are electronic scales needed? Certainly progress and checking whether we win or lose fat is definitely needed. Some researchers say that the scales for measuring body fat can be useful for tracking changes over time and can help to motivate some people to lose weight (regular scales of course also can help but do not have the insight into how fat you are and how much muscle gain or lose but only if you lose or put on pounds, which can be very confusing and daunting). However, testing your body fat is not something you need to do is constantly on a daily or weekly basis, but you need to allow a longer period and do the test again.


Other tests and measurements. One of the best ways to see if you have too much body fat is simply measuring the waist. Then index of body fat or BMI, which takes into account weight and height, is another good measure. If you want to measure your percentage of body fat, it is best to measure the professionals at the university and research center, hospital or sports medicine clinic. The methods used include hydrodensitometry (underwater weighing, it is considered the most accurate), then Bod Pod (which uses air instead of water) and DEXA scanning (type X-ray which is similar to test bone density). Body fat can be measured using the same caliper, but the accuracy of the results depends on the skill of the person doing the test.

Today in the world in medicine and fitness are more applicable 3D scanners which do a detailed analysis of the body by means of laser and camera. Fitness industry is growing so in the future almost every fitness center will have these kind of scanner. These scanners will be an integral part of every fitness center and it will be able to easily and accurately monitor the progress of clients.


Koje su najpreciznije metode za merenje procenta masti, da li su elektronske vage precizne i pouzdane, saznaćemo kroz sledći tekst.

Elektronske vage za merenje su dostupne u bezbroj modela. One koriste tehnologiju koja se zove bioelektrična impedansa, i procenjuje koliki procenat masti imate, procenat mišićne mase, procenat vode itd… Kada stanete na skalu, senzor pušta jednu neprimetnu električnu struju koja prolazi kroz celo telo i vraća se nazad. Zato što sadrži mnogo više vode, mišići sprovode struju bolje nego masti, tako da ako je veći otpor više masti imate. Vage koriste formule za izračunavanje procenta telesne masti gde uključuju ove informacije otpora, zajedno sa drugim podacima koje ste uneli (visina, težina, starosti, pol). Neke vage sadrže I ručke gde elektrode prolaze kroz ruke, takve vage bolje ocenjuju ukupne telesne masti. Sve veći broj elektronskih vaga je povezano sa kompjuterima, ili imaju svoj displej, gde automatski prenose podatke I štampaju na papir.

Da li su elektronske vage tačne?

Jedan od problema sa vagama koje mere telesne masti je da su često netačne ili neprecizne. Mnogo promenljivih utiču na rezultate, uključujući i koliko ste hidrirani, kada ste poslednji put jeli, pa čak i da li tvoja stopala imaju žuljeve ili su prljava, kao i vrsta i kvalitet samog proizvoda I da li je redovno servisiran. Studije su pokazale da rezultati koje daju električne vage često se razlikuju od rezultata koje daju standardne metode merenja masti. Uređaji koji imaju ručne elektrode imaju tendenciju da prolaze nešto bolje. U studiji objavljenoj u Obesity Facts u 2008. godini, vage sa samo stopalnim elektrodama potcenjuju telesne masti kod ljudi sa puno telesne masnoće i precenjuju ga kod vitkijih ljudi. Čak i priručnici kažu da uređaji mogu biti manje precizni za starije osobe, kod visoko treniranih sportista, kod dece i osoba sa osteoporozom.

Da li su elektronske vage potrebne?

Svakako napredak I proveravanje da li smo dobili ili izgubili masti je svakako potrebno. Neki istraživači kažu da vage za merenje telesnih masti mogu biti korisne za praćenje promena tokom vremena i da mogu da pomognu za motivisanje nekih ljudi da izgube težinu (redovne vage mogu naravno isto da pomognu ali nemate u uvid koliko ste masti a koliko mišića dobili ili izgubili, već samo da li gubite ili dobijate kilograme, što može biti jako zbunjujuće I obeshrabrujuće). Ipak, testiranje vaše telesne masti nije nešto što treba da uradite stalno na dnevnoj ili nedeljnoj bazi, već trebate da  pustite neki duži period pa uradite opet testiranje.

Ostali testovi i merenja.

Jedan od najboljih načina da se vidi da li imate previše telesnih masti je jednostavno merenje struka. Zatim Indeks telesnih masti ili BMI, koji uzima u obzir težinu i visinu, je još jedna dobra mera. Ako želite da izmerite svoj procenat telesnih masti najbolje je da ga mere profesionalci na univerzitetu i istraživačkom centru, u bolnici ili sportskoj medicinskoj klinici. Metode koje se koriste uključuju hidrodensitometriju (podvodno merenje, smatra se najpreciznijim), zatim Bod Pod (koji koristi vazduh umesto vode) i DEKSA skeniranje (tip X-zraka koji je sličan testu koštane gustine). Telesne masti mogu se meriti isto pomoću KALIPERA, ali tačnost rezultata zavisi od stručnosti osobe koja radi test.

Danas u svetu kako u medicini tako I fitnesu su sve primenljiviji 3D skeneri koji rade detaljnu analizu tela pomocu lasera I kamera. Cena skenera dostiže visoku cenu ali pošto se fitnes industrija razvija jako ubrzanio I dosta se ulaze u nju , ovi skeneri će biti sastavni deo svakog fitnes centra I moći ce lakše i preciznije da prate napredak klijenata.


It is a thin line between overtraining and progress in physical activity. People today know little about what the consequences of overtraining organism has, how long and how recovery should be and how to move forward and avoid overtraining. All of these things will be explained in the following text.


Overtraining is a common occurrence in both professional athletes and amateurs at that very often go too far with training in order to achieve as soon as the desired results. Athletes preparing for competition or a specific event often overloaded his body, that is. body does not have to be fast enough to recover. Athletes exercise longer and harder, but no progress. In fact, it happens a number of processes in the body that prevent further progress and can lead to performance degradation, injuries and health problems. Without sufficient time for recovery does not progress. The key to proper training lies in the balance between load and holidays. Too much stress and too little rest and resulting physical and psychological symptoms of overtraining.

Signs of overtraining:

the fall of energy


muscle aches

joint pain



heaviness in the legs

abdominal depression

loss of appetite

Increased frequency of injuries

decreased desire for training 

There are several ways of monitoring overtraining. The best way is monitoring the pulse. During the training, if the pulse suddenly leaping and you can not hold it in the desired zone means that you have a problem overtraining. Also measure the pulse every morning and before going to sleep, if you see significant discrepancies mean that you have not recovered.


If there is this phenomenon the best way to recover is the rest. It takes about a few days break, hydrate, drink plenty of fluids, eat healthy food, take minerals and vitamins. Massage is a good way for physically and mentally relax. Active relaxation is also good, easy walk and ride a bike, and of course be sure to stretch after each activity.

As far as training and time to progression, today scientists and sports officials determine that the rest and recovery is more important than training. The muscles of the whole body be well to recover between training sessions to make progress possible. For amateurs 3 sessions a week will keep your body and muscles to some level, 4 and more training will make you progress with proper nutrition and rest. Training should not last more than an hour and make sure for good warm-up and stretching after a workout.

The point is that rapid progress always carries with it consequences which can later manifest. Gradual and proper effort and work always pays off in the end. Listen to your body and the results will come for sure, but gradually with a healthier and longer-term outcome.

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